In six seconds, you’ll hate me.
But in six months, you’ll be a better writer.
From this point forward—at least for the next half year—you may not use “thought” verbs. These include: Thinks, Knows, Understands, Realizes, Believes, Wants, Remembers, Imagines, Desires, and a hundred others you love to use.
The list should also include: Loves and Hates.
And it should include: Is and Has, but we’ll get to those later.
Until some time around Christmas, you can’t write: Kenny wondered if Monica didn’t like him going out at night…”
Instead, you’ll have to Un-pack that to something like: “The
mornings after Kenny had stayed out, beyond the last bus, until he’d had to bum a ride or pay for a cab and got home to find Monica faking sleep, faking because she never slept that quiet, those mornings, she’d only put her own cup of coffee in the microwave. Never his.”
Instead of characters knowing anything, you must now present the details that allow the reader to know them. Instead of a character wanting something, you must now describe the thing so that the reader wants it.
Instead of saying: “Adam knew Gwen liked him.” You’ll have to say: “Between classes, Gwen had always leaned on his locker when he’d go to open it. She’s roll her eyes and shove off with one foot, leaving a black-heel mark on the painted metal, but she also left the smell of her perfume. The combination lock would still be warm from her butt. And the next break, Gwen would be leaned there, again.”
In short, no more short-cuts. Only specific sensory detail: action, smell, taste, sound, and feeling.
Typically, writers use these “thought” verbs at the beginning of a paragraph (In this form, you can call them “Thesis Statements” and I’ll rail against those, later). In a way, they state the intention of the paragraph. And what follows, illustrates them.
“Brenda knew she’d never make the deadline. was backed up from the bridge, past the first eight or nine exits. Her cell phone battery was dead. At home, the dogs would need to go out, or there would be a mess to clean up. Plus, she’d promised to water the plants for her neighbor…”
Do you see how the opening “thesis statement” steals the thunder of what follows? Don’t do it.
If nothing else, cut the opening sentence and place it after all the others. Better yet, transplant it and change it to: Brenda would never make the deadline.
Thinking is abstract. Knowing and believing are intangible. Your story will always be stronger if you just show the physical actions and details of your characters and allow your reader to do the thinking and knowing. And loving and hating.
Don’t tell your reader: “Lisa hated Tom.”
Instead, make your case like a lawyer in court, detail by detail.
Present each piece of evidence. For example: “During roll call, in the breath after the teacher said Tom’s name, in that moment before he could answer, right then, Lisa would whisper-shout ‘Butt Wipe,’ just as Tom was saying, ‘Here’.”
One of the most-common mistakes that beginning writers make is leaving their characters alone. Writing, you may be alone. Reading, your audience may be alone. But your character should spend very, very little time alone. Because a solitary character starts thinking or worrying or wondering.
For example: Waiting for the bus, Mark started to worry about how long the trip would take…”
A better break-down might be: “The schedule said the bus would come by at noon, but Mark’s watch said it was already 11:57. You could see all the way down the road, as far as the Mall, and not see a bus. No doubt, the driver was parked at the turn-around, the far end of the line, taking a nap. The driver was kicked back, asleep, and Mark was going to be late. Or worse, the driver was drinking, and he’d pull up drunk and charge Mark seventy-five cents for death in a fiery traffic accident…”
A character alone must lapse into fantasy or memory, but even then you can’t use “thought” verbs or any of their abstract relatives.
Oh, and you can just forget about using the verbs forget and remember.
No more transitions such as: “Wanda remembered how Nelson used to brush her hair.”
Instead: “Back in their sophomore year, Nelson used to brush her hair with smooth, long strokes of his hand.”
Again, Un-pack. Don’t take short-cuts.
Better yet, get your character with another character, fast.
Get them together and get the action started. Let their actions and words show their thoughts. You—stay out of their heads.
And while you’re avoiding “thought” verbs, be very wary about using the bland verbs “is” and “have.”
“Ann’s eyes are blue.”
“Ann has blue eyes.”
“Ann coughed and waved one hand past her face, clearing the cigarette smoke from her eyes, blue eyes, before she smiled…”
Instead of bland “is” and “has” statements, try burying your details of what a character has or is, in actions or gestures. At its most basic, this is showing your story instead of telling it.
And forever after, once you’ve learned to Un-pack your characters, you’ll hate the lazy writer who settles for: “Jim sat beside the telephone, wondering why Amanda didn’t call.”
Please. For now, hate me all you want, but don’t use thought verbs. After Christmas, go crazy, but I’d bet money you won’t.
For this month’s homework, pick through your writing and circle every “thought” verb. Then, find some way to eliminate it. Kill it by Un-packing it.
Then, pick through some published fiction and do the same thing. Be ruthless.
“Marty imagined fish, jumping in the moonlight…”
“Nancy recalled the way the wine tasted…”
“Larry knew he was a dead man…”
Find them. After that, find a way to re-write them. Make them stronger."
I need to go back to school.
My learning is ofwficially insignificant. My writing minor and all those classes do not make me as qualified as reading this has.
GUIDE ON DIFFERENT LEADERSHIP STYLES (Part One)
I’ve been gone for so long, I wanted to do a two-part guide to make up for my absence. I went to this leadership seminar and I couldn’t help but notice that the kinds of leaders the speaker described could also be a basis on what kind of leader you could create for your roleplay, because every roleplay needs a leader-like character. So I looked them up more on the internet, and this is what I got from my research and my own experience with these kinds of leaders. The first part deals with basic Leadership styles that we usually encounter.
- the Aeclectic Tarot Forum’s All About Reading masterthread (the subject, ritualistic aspects, and other techniques)
- the Aeclectic Tarot Forum’s Cards masterthread (multiple links to articles on all 78 cards)
- the Difference between Oracle and Tarot Cards by hellboundwitch
- Some Examples of Getting Your Own Meaning from Cards by hellboundwitch
- Suggestions for Picking a First Deck by hellboundwitch
- Tarot Basics by spellyalater/thepaganstudygrouppage (what is tarot)
- Tarot Reference from echoaeis (links to articles on each of the 78 cards)
- 19 Ways to Connect with Your Deck by hellboundwitch
where to find spreads:
- the Aeclectic Tarot Forum’s Tarot Spread section
- gardenofthequeen’s tarot spread tag
- hellboundwitch’s tarot spread tag
- my tarot spread tag
- spellyalater/thepaganstudygrouppage’s tarot spread tag
- blog.hellboundwitch.com → pagan and witch blog with a huge number of spreads, techniques and other tarot goodies.
- tarotgram.tumblr.com → affiliate blog of instagram @tarotgram. loads of spreads, a card of the day, and other easy to approach tarot info
- 78nightsoftarot.tumblr.com → the idea behind this blog, from what i can tell, is informative posts based on classic tarot as well as dream interpretation
- the Aeclectic Tarot → an extensive collection of tarot information, including a masterlist of decks (with links to where they can be purchased)
- the Aeclectic Tarot Forum → a message board style collaboration of tarot info
- Learning the Tarot → a complete course to traditional tarot interpretation by Joan Bunning
- Wind down. The stress of the day stays in your system until you give yourself time to detox. Do something relaxing, even if that means scrolling a few pages on your dash – but be careful, because Tumblr and other social media sites are time thieves. Two hours later, you’ll realize you’re on page twenty of your dash and still on page 1 of your story.
- Wind up. Spend some time getting yourself into the mood. Look at awesome art, play the right music for the right scene, doodle, even if your doodles suck. Sometimes windup time is also taking a shower or folding the laundry – mindless chores where you can let yourself immerse your brain in your story and get excited again.
- First drafts suck. “I wrote too much of [thing]” or “My opening is just not working” or “I hate every word of it” are all legitimate thoughts, but leave all that in the past. It’s done. When you finish, you can go back and revise all you want (and you might even find that the beginning isn’t as bad as you initially thought). What matters is not the quality, but finishing. Give yourself permission to suck.
- Gain momentum. For me, the first few minutes of writing are absolutely agonizing. Focusing is pretty much a physical strain, but once I’ve forced myself to focus for a good ten minutes, the next time I look up from writing, it’s dark outside. Let yourself get started before you get frustrated or distracted.
- The beginning slump. Openings are always the worst part for me, and by “opening”, I mean the first few chapters. All I want is to be completely submerged in the story, and the opening is far from that. But once I labor through these first few chapters, I find myself writing a lot more proficiently with fewer agonized groans.
- The post-beginning slump. For others, the slump happens after the opening chapters are finished. The shiny newness of the story is gone, and now we face being married to these characters and this story until the end. Find ways to keep yourself interested in your story, if that means simply writing through the agony or transforming your outline to make it fun again. Sometimes the scenes we don’t want to write are scenes that drag the story anyway.
- When you’re stuck, outline. When we hit the “Now what?” problem, sometimes that stops us from moving forward. I get to a point of “I didn’t plan this out as thoroughly as I should have,” and then it’s easy for me to get distracted by other things instead of figuring out the perplexing problem. Oftentimes, I’ll take a moment to outline each step I need in order to clear the problem, using it as a guide to conquer the scene.
- Don’t edit. It’s easy to get caught up in wondering what we’ve written, wanting to take a step back and look at it, but then we chance getting caught up in fixing things that don’t need fixing until the revision process. It’s like productive procrastinating, but it’s definitely not building your word count the way actually writing can. That being said –
- Reread. I used to reread in order to get my brain back into the story, and I allowed myself only micro-edits here and there. Rereading can work for some writers, revving the fingers for plenty of words, but it can also work against other writers who might have trouble with confidence in what they write. Figure out what helps you versus what hurts you.
- Read. If rereading doesn’t work, try simple reading, but read something that’ll get going that drive to write, something that inspires that absolute need to type a million words into your story.
- Write with someone. Word sprints and word marathons are good ways to keep up morale. If nothing else, having a writing buddy to whine with about writing woes is always good for morale. But –
- Don’t compare your word count to others. I can write for long periods of time, but just about all of my writing friends can write nearly twice as fast as I can. I’m a slow writer (and a slow reader, actually), but my writing stamina has built up over the course of a decade. You’re not in the same place in your life that others are, so set the goals that are right for you, not for them.
- Give yourself permission to fail. If you only write a couple hundred words in a day, that’s okay. That’s a couple hundred words you didn’t have before, and if you write a couple hundred words every day, you’ll have a few pages by the end of the week. If you don’t write any words in a day, that’s okay. Tomorrows are not the same as yesterdays. You don’t know what you’ll do until you’ve done it.
What to put in a sketchbook for beginners
Your sketchbook is a secret place
A sketchbook is very useful for everyone, especially for artists, students and kids. It boosts your creativity. To achieve that, use your sketchbook like a journal; make it a secret place. It’s very important to work freely inside it. Make sure you carry it everywhere.
- a sketchbook
- something to draw
- glue or stickers
- foldback clips, paper clips, staples
- different kinds of other paper
- sticky notes
How to start a new sketchbook:
- start now
- make a personal cover
- don’t start at page one
- destroy it’s beauty for example with a crappy drawing
- or use the following tips
Some topics for your sketchbook:
- shopping list
- to do lists
- watercolours <3
Things you can do in your sketchbook:
Aw Gawd, she’s back again with those rants about women and X, run for the hills!
Actually, this (hopefully) won’t be so much of a rant. It’s designed to be a catalogue of weapons, but in addition, I’ll be adding a few notes on their usage by women. Some of that will be theoretical, and some of it will be based on real figures. You’re just gonna have to trust me.
Let’s get started.
Overview: The dagger is a close combat weapon. They are typically composed of a crossguard hilt and a blade. Early daggers were more like knives and had one cutting edge, due to their use as thrusting weapons rather than swiping weapons. Their evolution has included the development of daggers without sharp edges, such as the misericorde, and those with two sharp edges. Its use isn’t limited to combat; daggers have a powerful history within the ceremonial and symbolic sectors.
Fighting with daggers requires speed and quick-thinking. The movements and techniques require the fighter to learn how to move fluidly and trick their opponent by using ‘feints’. ‘Feinting’ is delivering a partial attack, quickly withdrawing and executing another, instead. Light armour is an absolute must with this fighting style, if it’s going to be used at all, and using this weapon against a heavily armoured opponent would be a very bad idea. Daggers were a vital offhand weapon for fighters of any kind; being disarmed meant needing a spare, and in close quarters, a dagger could turn the tables in your favour.
Female Suitability: A common misconception about dagger-fighting is that it’s better to be small. That’s not necessarily true. As long as you can move quickly, you could master this fighting style. There are countless different ways of fighting with daggers, and just about as many different styles of the blades themselves. You’ll need to do some research, if you’re looking for exact descriptions of fighting styles, but in general, women who are quick on their feet and probably more slender would be able to use daggers with high levels of competency. It’s a brain-science as much as it is a physical one, so developing intellectual skills would be important. The mindset of the woman is much more important than her physique in this case; she’d need to be intellectually quick, adaptable and have a damn good poker face. Pile the ability to funnel that deviousness into her body and make that aforementioned body appropriate (realistically, slender, moderately athletic women whose weight is light enough to enable her to be swift), and you might well have a dagger mistress on your hands. In short, if we’re going D&D style, she needs enough strength to thrust, high levels of dexterity and above average intellect.
guys i just really want to share this with you
if you are looking for any music that you’d like just type a name of a band or a musican on the top-right search. then click on the black circle and choose “expand”. viola! now, you can continue doing this and find lots of music artists in your taste. thank you for the attention, and i hope you’ll find this post useful.
I have said before I don’t like the British slang posts that circle tumblr. Not all of these slang words are used universally across the UK and some are probably out of date. So here is my list based on regions.
- Dutty- dirty. “She’s so dutty!”
- Paralytic- drunk “God I was paralytic last night”
- Baghead- idiot “John was being a right baghead”
- Traffic light party- dress according to relationship status.
- Gange- weed “Gange is illegal!!”
- Bitch/hissy fit- tantrum “Oh stop throwing a hissy fit mum, I’ll clean it in a bit!”
- How’s your fettle- how’re you doing?
- Marra- friend “He’s such a good marra”
- yan tyan tethera methera- one, two, three, four
- Yous- plural form of you “Oi! Yous lot, pack it in!”
- Owt- anything “What do you want to do today?” “Owt”
- Nowt- nothing “What are you doing?” “Nowt”
- jammy- lucky “Oh your so jammy!”
- Garn yam- going home “I’m garn yam now”
- Be reet- it’ll be alright “Don’t worry, be reet”
- Chuddy- chewing gum “Can I have a chuddy?”
- Tart- slut “Have you see that dress? She’s such a tart.”
- Brew -tea/coffee “Make me a brew”
- Buttie- sandwich, “I love chip butties”
- Tintanet- internet “Just on tintanet”
Merseyside (Mainly Liverpool/Scouse words)
- Scouse- A person from Liverpool is (also, “a scouser”),
- Scatty- something dirty “Don’t wear that, it’s scatty!”
- Gigs- (eye) glasses “I like your new gigs!”
- Kecks- Trousers “Pull your kecks up!”
- Meff- someone who is dirty
- Ming/Minger- someone who is dirty “Your such a minger Tom!”
- Bizzies- Police “The bizzies nearly got me!”
- Chippy- Fish and chip shop “Chippy for tea?”
- Divvy- Idiot “Stop being a divvy”
- Made up- Really happy “I’m real made up with your results!”
- Is right- “get in there” which I guess means “yay”
- Muzzy- “moustache” “Cor, look at the muzzy on him!”
- Pure- (adj) Very
- Doing my head in- annoying/frustrating me “Be quiet Lucy, you’re doing my head in”
- Swerve (that)- Stop that/something along the lines of “no I’m not doing that/let’s not do that”
- Cuppa- Cup of tea “Fancy a cuppa?”
- Butty/butties- sandwich/es “Lets have some butties”
- Fuming- Extremely angry “I was fuming”
- Boss- (adj) amazing “Wow you are so boss at that game!”
- As if- “I don’t believe it”, coming from “as if that’s true” “Harry’s in jail.” “As if!”
- Bevvy- Alcholic drink “Get me a bevvy”
- Blag- Lie “Stop blagging”
- Come ‘ed- “Come head” – offering a fight
- Geg (verb, usually followed by “in”, can be “gegging in”, “gegged in”, etc)- Join in on something (activity/conversation/etc. uninvited) “Stop gegging in!”
- Geg out- Usually said when telling somebody to butt out “This is nothing to do with you, geg out”
- No nee- used as an exclamation of digust/disappointment (also “any need?”)
- Wool- (noun) somebody not from Liverpool but from the surrounding areas e.g. St Helens, Wigan, Warrington, etc.”He’s a wool, isn’t he”
- Plazzy scouser- (Plastic Scouser) somebody who claims to be Scouse when they’re not
- Soft lad- Friendly name for somebody who is being a bit dim “Fred’s being a bit of a soft lad”
- Soz- Sorry
- Ta’-Thanks “Ta for that
- Ye ma-Your mum
Midlands ( More Black country)
- Ar cor- I can’t “Ar cor do that”
- I bay- I better not
- I day- I daren’t “Pull his trousers down!” “I day do that!
- Barmy- Crazy “Your mum is barmy!”
- Bab- pet name “You okay bab?”
- Babbee- Baby “She’s got a babbee now”
- Plodging- to paddle in shallow water “Going to go plodging
- Canny- good “She’s a canny girl”
- Skumfished- hot or tired depending on region “Oh I’m skumfished, best go to bed.”
- Ahaad- something caught fire
- Cannit- cannot
- Lowp- jump
- Stottie- round bread
- on your honkers- crouching “Why are you on your honkers?”
- Crack-gossip “You’ll never believe this crack I just heard!”
- Hinny- honey “Give me a cuddle hinny”
- Divvent- do/did not “I divvent do that!”
- Toon- town “I’m going to go toon”
- Bairn- child “She’s such a cute bairn!”
- Hacky- dirty “Oh, your clothes are hacky”
- Peng’ - meaning attractive, fit, pretty “She’s so peng!”
- Greb- emo “She looks like a greb”
- Short Weekends- trousers that are too short “Reece we’re going to have to buy you some new trousers, they are short weekends!”
- Alllraiiiiight Me lover- alright my love “Hello” “Alright me lover?”
- Babber- baby “Oh look at the cute babber”
- Casn’t- can’t “I casn’t do that!”
- Gurt- very
- Kinave- can I have “Kinave a lolly please”
- Rit- write
- Pitcher- picture “Oh what a nice pitcheer”
- Wheres Attoo? - where is that
- Brissle- Bristol “He’s from brissle
- init- isn’t it “That food is so nice, innit”
- ‘Eck/heck - hell “By heck that hill is steep!”
- Bait- snack “Let me get some bait”
- Beck- stream or brook. “Jill is playing down by the beck”
- Belt- to hit/thrash “I’ll belt you if you don’t shut up”
- Chuffed- happy “I’m really chuffed with you”
- Flaggin’- Tired “I’m flaggin today”
- Flummox - confused/puzzled “You’ve really flummoxed me”
- Gaffer- boss “Best speak to the gaffer about that”
- Lug- pull or tug something or a tangle in hair. “I have to lug that sack all the way upstairs!” “I have so many lugs in my hair”
- Mardy/mardy bum- moody/bad tempered “You are such a mardy bum, it’ll be your turn in a minute!”
- Mind- watch out for “Mind your brother at school”
- Nowt- nothing
- ‘Ow do - how do you do? “Ow do you today?”
- Owt - anything
- Pop- fizzy drink “Pass me the pop”
- Reckon- think “I reckon I’m going to fail these tests.”
- Reight- very “It’s reight good this game!”
- Spell- splinter of wood “I just got a spell in my hand from that fence!”
- Popped ‘is cloggs- died “Dennis popped ‘is cloggs last week
- Duck- pet name “How are you duck?”
- Love- pet name “Are you alright love?”
30 English accents- A funny video by a very talented guy!
If your area wasn’t included or some slang wasn’t send it to me and I will edit it.
Remember if you have any to add, please send them in and the region you are from.
When I was five years old, I dreamed of being an apple salesman. I imagined my future in sepia tone: pushing my cart of apples down the street, hungry kids running out of their houses to greet me. That is not exactly how things turned out.
It has most of Crowley’s stuff, Agrippa’s Three Books, one of Cunningham’s books on crystals, and tons of other great stuff. Hurray for not paying money!